Types of Co-products


Mustafa, A.F., J.J. McKinnon, and D.A. Christensen. 2000. Chemical characterization and in situ nutrient degradability of wet distillers' grains derived from barley-based ethanol production. Animal Feed Science and Technology 83(2000) 301-311.

Sorghum (Milo)

High Plains Corp. 2001. Nutrient values of milo DDGS.

Harborth, K.W., T.T. Marston, and D.A. Llewellyn. 2006. Comparison of corn and grain sorghum dried distillers grains as protein supplements for growing beef heifers. Kansas State University Beef Cattle Research 2006, Report of Progress 959.

Daubert, R.W., J.S. Drouillard, E.R. Loe, J.J. Sindt, B.E. Depenbusch, J.T. Fox, M.A. Greenquist, and M.E. Corrigan. 2005. Optimizing use of wet sorghum distiller's grains with solubles in flaked-corn finishing diets. Kansas State University Beef Cattle Research 2005. Report of Progress 943.

Drouillard, J., R. Daubert, E. Loe, B. Depenbusch, J. Sindt, M. Greenquist, and M. Corrigan. 2005. Wet sorghum distiller’s grains with solubles in flaked corn finishing diets for heifers. J. Anim. Sci. Vol. 83 (Suppl. 2) p. 95. (2005 ASAS/ADSA Midwest Mtg. Abstract)

Hancock, J.D. (Kansas State University). 2002. Experiences with sorghum-based DDGS in swine and poultry diets (slide presentation). Presented at the NCGA/NGSPA Southwest Co-Products Conf. Oct. 30-31, 2002.

Fanning, K., T. Milton, T. Klopfenstein, and M. Klemesrud. 1999. Corn and sorghum distillers grains for finishing cattle. 1999 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report. University of Nebraska Coop. Ext. MP 71.

Senne, B.W., J.D. Hancock, R.H. Hines, D.W. Dean, I. Mavromichalis, and J.R. Froetschner. 1998. Effects of whole grain and distillers dried grains with solubles from normal and heterowaxy endosperm sorghums on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs. Kansas State University Swine Day 1998. Report of Progress 819.

Lodge, S.L., R.A. Stock, T.J. Klopfenstein, D.H. Shain, and D.W. Herold. 1997. Evaluation of corn and sorghum distillers byproducts. J. Anim. Sci. 75:37-43.

Lodge, S., R. Stock, and T. Klopfenstein. 1996. Digestibility of wet and dry distillers grains from the fermentation of corn or sorghum. 1996 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report. University of Nebraska Coop. Ext. MP 66-A. p. 65.

Senne, B.W., J.D. Hancock, I. Mavromichalis, S.L. Johnston, P.S. Sorrell, I.H. Kim, and R.H. Hines. 1996. Use of sorghum-based distillers grains in diets for nursery and finishing pigs. Kansas State University Swine Day 1996. Report of Progress 772. pp. 140-145.


Mohawk Canada, Ltd. 2002. Nutrient composition and values of wheat DDGS.

Nyachoti, C.M., J.D. House, B.A. Slominski, and I.R. Seddon. 2005. Energy and nutrient digestibilities in wheat dried distillers’ grains with solubles fed to growing pigs. J. Sci. Food Agric. 85:2581-2586.

Other Co-products

Renewable Fuels Association. 2011. Fueling a nation - Feeding the world: The role of the U.S. ethanol industry in food and feed production.

McKendrick, E.J., D.J. Roberts, and N.W. Offer. 2003. The value of malt distillers’ grains ensiled with molassed sugar beet pellets as a feed for dairy cows. Grass and Forage Science 58, 287-294.

Huang, H-J., P. Wen-Shyg Chiou, C-R. Chen, J-K. Chiang, and B. Yu. 1999. Effects of dried rice distillers' and grain supplementation on the performance of lactating cows. Animal Feed Science and Technology 77(1999) 303-315.